Rabbi Eric Yoffie, the president of the Reform movement (Union for Reform Judaism), announced on June 10 that he would retire in two years. You can find the text of his prepared remarks on eJewish Philanthropy and articles with more analysis by Josh Nathan-Kazis in The Forward and by Jonathan Sarna also in The Forward.
I have to confess to having very mixed feelings about Rabbi Yoffie. He exercised leadership on many matters that I personally applaud greatly. I personally agree with positions he has taken on Israel, on domestic social policy and justice issues, on interfaith dialogue, on efforts to re-invigorate Reform Jewish worship services, on emphasizing text study, and more.
My problem relates to what I care about most both professionally and personally — engaging interfaith families in Jewish life. I find it somewhat telling that in his prepared remarks — which admittedly are not his final comments, those will come at and after the next URJ biennial in 2011 — that in discussing some of the future challenges facing the Reform movement, and some of the specific work that needs to be done in the next two years — there is no mention of engaging interfaith families.
The Reform movementâs record on outreach to interfaith families under Rabbi Yoffieâs leadership is disappointing. Prior to 2003, the movement had an outreach department with some headquarters staff and a half-time regional outreach director in each of its fourteen regions; all of these people were outstanding dedicated professionals who did amazing work helping congregations welcome interfaith families and attract them to Jewish life. In 2003, the movement eliminated most of the positions, reportedly because of financial pressures. InterfaithFamily.com initiated a campaign that helped to preserve some of the positions.
Then in 2009, the URJ did away with its regions and the remaining regional outreach positions, to be replaced by four outreach specialists who, as talented and dedicated as they are, are stretched awfully thin to serve all 900 Reform congregations. The Reform movementâs outreach department and initiative, once truly a jewel among the movementâs many programs, is in a sadly reduced state.
To be fair, we publicized excerpts from Rabbi Yoffieâs 2005 biennial speech — and those speeches are where the movementâs most important efforts are announced — highlighting two parallel initiatives, which the URJ still supports, to welcome non-Jewish spouses on the one hand, and to respectfully encourage conversion on the other. But program materials are one thing; staff whose job it is to promote and help with use of the materials is much more significant. I believe that the outreach department was a very âsellableâ program â that funding could have been attracted for it â and that the movementâs leadership under Rabbi Yoffieâs direction did not give it the priority it deserved.
The URJâs leadership may think that the Reform movement doesnât need to do any thing more to attract interfaith couples and families. In the New York Jewish Week, Gary Rosenblatt reported that Rabbi Yoffie said that âhis movement is the largest Jewish denomination because it has an âopen door, inclusiveâ policy. âWe are the place for the intermarried, gay or lesbian, and disabled to explore Judaism.ââ I would argue that the Reform movement and Reform synagogues could do a great deal more to attract and welcome people in interfaith relationships â and that if they did, they would see membership increases that would help to alleviate the financial pressures that apparently continue to plague the movement and its synagogues.
Josh Nathan-Kazis reported on his interview with Rabbi Yoffie the following:
As for the growing impact of intermarriage among American Jews, Yoffie said that his movement is handling the challenge well. He said that the movement has ânot an ounce of regretâ for its 1983 decision to consider the children of Jewish fathers and non-Jewish mothers to be Jewish, which represented a break with Jewish tradition.
Regarding studies that have found a lack of affiliation on the part of many children of intermarried couples, Yoffie said, âWeâd like to point out that what that means is at a time when thereâs an enormous amount of intermarriage, weâre getting a third of these people into synagoguesâŚ Imagine if we didnât have the [patrilineal descent] decision and how many of them would be in any Jewish framework. I suggest it would be far lower.â
Iâm glad to see Rabbi Yoffie re-affirm the patrilineal descent decision — and want to respectfully suggest that the number of intermarried couples that would be in a Jewish framework would be far, far greater if the Reform movement gave engaging them the priority it deserves.
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