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This blog post originally appeared at Rituallwell.org
One of my favorite parts of being a rabbi and the director ofÂ InterfaithFamily/DCÂ is working with couples to prepare for their wedding. I meet with a lot of couples that come from diverse backgrounds and no two couples are the same. Each is a unique set of individuals bringing together their life experience, their families, and their hopes for the future.
Whatever kind of wedding they have in mind, I tell them that my goal is to create a ceremony together, a ritual which we can personalize so that their wedding reflects who they are as individuals and as a couple and their intentions for their life together. On the simplest level, a ritual helps us mark sacred time and helps us to be present in the moment. And no matter what the individualsâ€™ backgrounds, I want their wedding to be one of many beautiful, meaningful, and accessible Jewish rituals in their lives.
When I teach couples about the components of the Jewish wedding ceremony, itâ€™s often the first time they have learned about the meanings behind the rituals. And as with most things in Judaism, there are often multiple explanations for why a tradition came into practice. That fact alone is empowering for many people to learn that itâ€™s ok that some explanations resonate and some donâ€™t.
The mission statement of Hebrew College, where I was ordained, says that â€śJudaism, at its best, is a creative, intellectual and spiritual encounter among the individual, the community and the received tradition.â€ť As rabbinical students and rabbis, we are â€śencouraged and empowered to see ourselves as both inheritors and innovatorsâ€”active participants in the unfolding story of the Jewish people.â€ť My role as a rabbi is to transmit a Judaism that is expansive enough to be inclusive and meaningful.
Our Talmud class on weddings had a big impact on me. We read ancient ketubot (wedding contracts) that varied in content and formulation, written hundreds of years before the standard Orthodox ketubah came into wide spread use and thousands of years before the myriad of modern-day options. We also learned about other kinds of marriage and partnership documents and rituals. Historical and cultural variations in practices around the documents, huppahÂ (canopy), wedding garments, and rituals objects have long encouraged couples to personalize and beautify the ceremony.
The history of Jewish creativity around ritual has been a wonderful way to see the current trends in reclaiming, modifying, and forming new rituals as an inherent part of Jewish tradition and practice. In my understanding, creativity and inclusion lead to an enriched, enlivened, and more beautiful Judaism. In my role as officiant and mâ€™saderet kiddushinÂ (one who orders wedding ceremony), my hope is that there will be a balance of tradition and creativity. I hope that all couples I work with, especially interfaith couples, will be empowered to make Jewish rituals and practices their own, thus opening the doorway for their engagement in Jewish life on their terms, in a way that is meaningful to them.
This November, congregations and Jewish organizations around the country are celebrating Interfaith Family Month. Some may choose to offer a blessing or do a special program. InterfaithFamily has created some lovely readings andÂ blessings. But I also want to encourage other clergy and Jewish leaders to think about offering something from their heart. One way to do this is to think about the gifts that interfaith couples and families have given you and your community.
And with that in mind, I want to say thank you to the interfaith couples Iâ€™ve worked with for their willingness to engage with Judaism. Thank you to the individuals who want to honor and include their non-Jewish partners or family members so that we can create more inclusive rituals and more expansive experiences of Judaism. I want to say thank you to the individuals who want to incorporate rituals from other cultures who have showed me that there are more similarities than there are differences. I am grateful to work for an organization that has supported me to embrace interfaith couples and families and for our partnership with organizations like Ritualwell who enrich the work that I do.
Itâ€™s 1972. An off-duty, dark haired young cabbie drives by a young blond woman. Slowing down and noticing that the woman is attractive, he switches his light to â€śon dutyâ€ť and backs up to pick her up. He drops her off at the school where she teaches, then watches as she walks in. Flash forward to the end of the school day and as the teacher leaves school, the cabbieâ€™s there waiting to pick her up. A montage unfolds: The good looking couple walking over a bridge in New Yorkâ€™s Central Park with their arms around each other; him playfully chasing her; the two of them kissing in the back of the cab; kissing more by the bridge. And then, they finally speak:
Woman: â€śYou know, this is crazy. I donâ€™t even know your full name.â€ť
Man: â€śBernieâ€¦.Steinberg. Whatâ€™s yours?â€ť
Woman: â€śBridgetâ€¦.Bridget â€“ Theresa â€“ Mary â€“ Helene â€“ Fitzgerald.â€ť
Then they both say at the same time: â€śI think we have a problem.â€ť
So opened the pilot episode of Bridget Loves Bernie (you can CLICK HERE to see it yourself), about the interfaith marriage of Irish Catholic Bridget (played by Meredith Baxter) and Jewish Bernie (played by David Birney).
Bridget Loves Bernie had a primetime Saturday night slot between two very popular shows and it was the fifth highest rated TV show of the 1972-1973 season. But it was cancelled by CBS executives in response to hate mail from viewers who opposed its portrayal of the coupleâ€™s interfaith marriage. To this day, Bridget Loves Bernie is the highest rated TV show to be cancelled after only one season.
I was a young girl when Bridget Loves Bernie was on TV, but I still remember the show. And I remember the atmosphere in which it aired, at least in the Jewish communityâ€”and certainly in the tight-knit Conservative synagogue where I grew up. It was a shonda (a shame, a pity) if you were Jewish and you married someone from another faith. People assumed you didnâ€™t care about Judaism. When you â€śmarried outâ€ť you were seen as â€śwriting offâ€ť your Judaism. I heard stories of parents who â€śsat shivaâ€ť (performed the Jewish mourning rituals) for a child who â€śmarried out.â€ť The parents wondered what they had done wrong. The married children usually cut off ties with the synagogue and the Jewish community. (Can you blame them?)
To a large extent, things have changed. The days when I grew up, when Bridget Loves Bernieâ€™s interfaith marriage was too controversial for primetime television, are fadingâ€”at least in a large segment of the liberal Jewish community. In todayâ€™s worldâ€”a world in which, according to the 2013 Pew Portrait of American Jews, 71 percent of liberal Jews who are getting married are marrying someone who isnâ€™t Jewishâ€”itâ€™s not a shock when Bridget loves Bernie (or, for that matter, when Bridget loves Bernice). And now, with the Reconstructionist Rabbinical Collegeâ€™s recent decision to allow inter-partnered candidates apply to the school, it may become less of a big deal when Bridget loves RABBI Bernie or Bernice.
If you identify as a liberal (non-Orthodox) Jew you almost certainly have friends, and most likely family members, who are in interfaith relationships. If you belong to a Conservative, Humanist, Reconstructionist, Reform, Renewal or unaffiliated synagogue, you almost certainly know fellow-congregants who are in interfaith marriages. And you probably know parents who arenâ€™t Jewish who are actively involved in the Jewish education and upbringing of their children.
Today, there are lots of real couples like Bridget and Bernie, each with their own unique stories, and we canâ€™t just â€ścancel the showâ€ť and ignore reality. (For years, the Jewish communityâ€™s response to intermarriage was to preach against it.Â Not only did intermarriage rates continue to rise, but people in interfaith relationships often felt alienation from and resentment toward the Jewish community.)
If Bridget and Bernie were real people living today, InterfaithFamily, and many like-minded people in the Jewish world, would see Bernieâ€™s marriage to Bridget not as a threat to Jewish continuity, but rather as an opportunity. Weâ€™d want to celebrate Bridget and Bernieâ€™s marriage (they could even use our free clergy referral service to find a rabbi or cantor to officiate at their wedding), to provide Jewish resources and support and a safe, non-judgmental space to explore the role of religion in their lives and their marriage. If Bridget and Bernie decided to move to Philadelphia (or one of the other cities that has an InterfaithFamily/Your Community office) they could take our â€śLove and Religionâ€ť workshop and meet with other interfaith couples to discuss how to have religious traditions in their lives together. When they had kids, they could take our online â€śRaising a Child with Judaism in Your Interfaith Familyâ€ť class to consider â€śhowâ€ť and â€śwhyâ€ť to bring Jewish traditions into their lives.
Bridget and Bernie are ready for primetime. And for InterfaithFamily, â€śprimetimeâ€ť is the month of November, when we celebrate Interfaith Family Month. This is a time for synagogues and Jewish organizations to publicly acknowledge and thank those members of our community who arenâ€™t Jewish; to let them know that we donâ€™t just tolerate them, but we are grateful to them for their commitment to Judaism and Jewish continuity. Itâ€™s a time to let those Jews who have partners who arenâ€™t Jewish know that not only are we not â€śsitting shivaâ€ť for them, but we hope that they will fully engage in the Jewish community, and that we donâ€™t see their choice of a life-partner as a reflection on their Jewish commitment. Itâ€™s a time to declare that rather than fighting against intermarriage, we are working for a vibrant Jewish communityâ€”and we welcome anyone who wants to join us.
Interfaith Family Month is a time to let all of the â€śBerniesâ€ť out there know that we donâ€™t love them any less because they love â€śBridget.â€ť And for all of the â€śBridgetsâ€ť out there, we hope that just as you love â€śBernie,â€ť you will come to love his Jewish community too, because we are committed to building a Jewish community where the two of you can truly feel at home.