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How You Can Make Shabbat: Saturday Afternoon

Saturday Meals

You can recite the daytime Kiddush and the blessing over bread at Saturday lunch and have a special meal on Saturday as well as on Friday evening.

Traditional observance mandates three meals on Shabbat: Friday night dinner, Saturday lunch, and Saturday supper. This third meal is also referred to as a Malaveh Malcha or "accompanying the Queen." We think of the Sabbath as a bride when it comes and as a queen when it leaves. The third meal is also sometimes called a Seudah Shelishit, Hebrew for "third meal." In the winter, when Shabbat may end before supper time, a third meal may be a simple late-afternoon snack.

If your attend Shabbat morning services or Torah study, it is easy to extend your Shabbat and have friends for lunch on Saturday. You can try this and any other Shabbat custom without immediately making a commitment to do it every week. These are pleasures for you to enjoy as you are ready.


Other Shabbat Activities

If you are exploring Shabbat as a spiritual practice, you may also choose to use it as a day to be in nature, to sit by the ocean, or take a long hike. You may prefer to take a long nap, read a book, or play games with kids or friends. Without any rituals at all, Shabbat can still be a day of rest and relaxation, a needed respite from the regular week.


Return to the Guide to Shabbat and Havdalah for Interfaith Families Resource Guide.


Hebrew for "sanctification," a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Sabbath and Jewish holidays. The Jewish Sabbath, from sunset on Friday to nightfall on Saturday. A language of West Semitic origins, culturally considered to be the language of the Jewish people. Ancient or Classical Hebrew is the language of Jewish prayer or study. Modern Hebrew was developed in the late-19th and early 20th centuries as a revival language; today it is spoken by most Israelis.
Hebrew for "meal." The first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy), or the scroll that contains them.

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