Vicki Peterson has five grown children, including two Korean-born daughters. Since 1979, she has been affiliated with Wide Horizons For Children ((800) 729-5330), a private, non-profit adoption agency headquartered near Boston that has placed more than 9,000 children from more than 50 countries with U.S. families. Formerly CEO and now executive director of external affairs, Peterson is the voice of the organization, representing the agency's mission and many achievements to the public.
International Adoption and Interfaith Families
The Saturday before Thanksgiving is now widely recognized as National Adoption Day. In some parts of our country it is been expanded to a week or the whole month of November. It focuses attention on a wonderful way to bring a child into the family and the fact that 60% of all Americans now have a personal connection to adoption.
The world of adoptions has changed significantly from the time when people attempted to make adoption less transparent and therefore, "not a problem." Over the past two decades we have come to understand that secrecy regarding adoption actually creates significant problems for all involved. Today, the whole extended family, close friends and even co-workers are often involved in welcoming and celebrating the arrival of a newly adopted child. Parents are now encouraged to talk to their children about adoption from an early age so that there are no secrets. Many parents now annually celebrate the day their child came into the family in the same way that a birthday is recognized as a special day.
|Max Stevens, adopted from Korea, is a member of a Jewish fraternity at college.|
Virtually any adopting Jewish parent will raise a child who was not born Jewish. It is extraordinarily rare for a Jewish child to be relinquished for adoption. Like more than 24,000 other Americans, Jewish prospective parents often turn to international adoption as a means of building or adding to their family. At one time this was an unusual concept, but no longer.
Adoptive parents feel that it is the ties of love that make a family, not the ties of blood. In addition to love, successful adoptive parents give much thought to sensitively guiding their child and dealing with issues of difference. Thoughtful decisions and unconditional commitment are two common features of skilled parenting. Although there is not one right way to do it, important themes emerge.
Adoption professionals encourage parents who adopt internationally to involve their children in cultural awareness programs by the time a child is 5 or 6 so that comfort and pride in that heritage will be internalized early and will be a positive part of his or her identity.
This is what Evan Hershenson and his wife Lisa, both of whom are heavily involved in Jewish life, try to do while raising their two Chinese daughters. Evan tutors and teaches Jewish education while Lisa is a cantor. Whenever possible they bring both Jewish life and Chinese culture into their home. The family attends Chinese cultural events specially designed for children adopted from China. Recently, their 6- and 3-year-old daughters were converted at a mikvah followed by a naming ceremony. They know many other Jewish families with Chinese children and not long ago attended the Bat Mitzvah of a Chinese adoptee.
|Like his big brother Caleb (left), Michael, who was born in Guatemala, will attend Hebrew school in a few years.|
Leah Bloom, 24, is a Korean adoptee who describes how she sees herself this way: "On the outside I look Asian, but inside I feel Jewish." Raised in an observant home, she regularly attended a Conservative synagogue. She wants to keep the values she learned growing up and someday hopes to marry and raise her children Jewish, but she knows there is a challenge ahead because her preference is to date Asian men. In her experience, Caucasian men treat her as if she is "exotic" rather than who she feels she really is. She is confident that she will find a way to deal with the identity issues ahead. Thoughtful and well grounded, she leads a busy life and is about to start graduate school.
In addition to instilling pride in their birth culture, adoptive parents want to instill values in their children.
|Tim Cavicchi (right), a non-Jew, and his Jewish wife raise their children as Jews, including their 3-year-old Korean daughter.|
|Raised by a Christian mother and Jewish father who were both low-key in terms of religious practice, Jenny Rothenberg (bottom left) is an adult Asian adoptee who says that her parents emphasized "humanity, giving back to the community and being a good person."|
Raised by a Christian mother and Jewish father who were both low-key in terms of religious practice, Jenny Rothenberg is an adult Asian adoptee who says that her parents emphasized "humanity, giving back to the community and being a good person." Adopted at 5, she has always felt comfortable about her background. Neither religion nor adoption has been a focal point of her life. She hasn't had any negative experiences and feels that it is her actions that matter, not her background: "I can't imagine growing up with any other set of parents," she says. "They dried my tears, guided me and made me who I am today."
Adopted or biological, this is the kind of tribute all parents hope to have some day from the child that they have raised. Creating a family through the magical process of adoption is certainly worth celebrating.
Hebrew for "fit" (as in, "fit for consumption"), the Jewish dietary laws. Hebrew for "collection," referring to the "collection of water," is a bath used for the purpose of ritual immersion in Judaism. Today it is used as part of the traditional procedure for converting to Judaism, by Jews who follow the laws of ritual (body) purity, and sometimes for making kitchen utensils kosher. Reform synagogues are often called "temple." "The Temple" refers to either the First Temple, built by King Solomon in 957 BCE in Jerusalem, or the Second Temple, which replaced the First Temple and stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem from 516 BCE to 70 CE.