Glossary

Facebooktwittergoogle_pluspinterest
  • afikoman

    Dessert in Greek, it refers to the matzah that is hidden at the beginning of the Passover seder and which, customarily, children look for and ransom back to the adults before the conclusion.
  • Al Shlosha D’varim

    Hebrew for "on three things," the first words (and name) of a song in some Jewish worship services.
  • Al Shlosha Devarim

    Hebrew for "on three things," the first words (and name) of a song in some Jewish worship services.
  • Alaynu

    Hebrew for "our duty," it's the name and first word of a prayer recited at the end of three daily services in traditional Jewish liturgy.
  • Alef Beis

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters. "Beis" is the Ashkenazi or Yiddish pronunciation of the letter bet.
  • alef bet

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters.
  • Alef-Beis

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters. "Beis" is the Ashkenazi or Yiddish pronunciation of the letter bet.
  • Alef-bet

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters.
  • aleinu

    Hebrew for "our duty," it's the name and first word of a prayer recited at the end of three daily services in traditional Jewish liturgy.
  • Aleph Beis

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters. "Beis" is the Ashkenazi or Yiddish pronunciation of the letter bet.
  • Aleph Bet

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters.
  • Aleph Beth

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters.
  • Aleph-Beis

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters. "Beis" is the Ashkenazi or Yiddish pronunciation of the letter bet.
  • Aleph-Bet

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters.
  • Aleph-Beth

    The Hebrew alphabet, of which alef and bet are the first two letters.
  • Aleynu

    Hebrew for "our duty," it's the name and first word of a prayer recited at the end of three daily services in traditional Jewish liturgy.
  • aliya

    Hebrew for "going up," it refers to the honor of saying the blessing over the Torah reading. It can also refer to the act of immigrating to Israel. (e.g. "After falling in love with Jerusalem, Rachel and Christopher made aliyah.")
  • Aliyah

    Hebrew for "going up," it refers to the honor of saying the blessing over the Torah reading. It can also refer to the act of immigrating to Israel. (e.g. "After falling in love with Jerusalem, Rachel and Christopher made aliyah.")
  • aliyahs

    The English or Yiddish plural for the Hebrew word "aliyah." Meaning "going up," it refers to the honor of saying the blessing over the Torah reading. It can also refer to the act of immigrating to Israel. (e.g. "After falling in love with Jerusalem, Rachel and Christopher made aliyah.")
  • aliyos

    The plural version of the Hebrew word "aliyah." Meaning "going up," it refers to the honor of saying the blessing over the Torah reading. It can also refer to the act of immigrating to Israel. (e.g. "After falling in love with Jerusalem, Rachel and Christopher made aliyah.")
  • aliyot

    The plural version of the Hebrew word "aliyah." Meaning "going up," it refers to the honor of saying the blessing over the Torah reading. It can also refer to the act of immigrating to Israel. (e.g. "After falling in love with Jerusalem, Rachel and Christopher made aliyah.")
  • amidah

    Tefilat Amidah, Hebrew for "The Standing Prayer," is the central prayer of Jewish liturgy. It is recited during every prayer service. Traditionally it's recited individually in silence, then repeated aloud as a congregation; some congregations omit the silent recitation and/or abbreviate the repetition.
  • ariv

    Also known as ma'ariv, the evening prayer service.
  • ark

    A cabinet- or cupboard-like structure that houses the Torah(s) in a synagogue.
  • aron

    Hebrew for "cupboard" or "closet," it usually refers to the ark, a structure that houses the Torah(s) in a synagogue.
  • aron kodesh

    Hebrew for "holy cupboard" or "holy closet," a name for the ark, a structure that houses the Torah(s) in a synagogue.
  • ashkenazi

    Having Jewish family origins in Germany or Eastern Europe.
  • ashkenazic

    Of the culture of Jews with family origins in Germany or Eastern Europe.
  • ashkenazim

    Jews with family origins in Germany or Eastern Europe.
  • auf ruf

    Yiddish for "calling up," it's a celebration of a couple on the Jewish Sabbath prior to their wedding. It usually involves the honor of an aliyah (saying the blessing over the Torah). After the Torah reading, the congregation customarily sings a congratulatory song and may also throw candies at the couple.
  • Aufruf

    Yiddish for "calling up," it's a celebration of a couple on the Jewish Sabbath prior to their wedding. It usually involves the honor of an aliyah (saying the blessing over the Torah). After the Torah reading, the congregation customarily sings a congratulatory song and may also throw candies at the couple.